Parashas Vaeschanan

This week’s parashah begins with Moshe describing his (unsuccessful) prayers to Hashem to be allowed to enter Eretz Yisrael. This prompts the Midrash to present various teachings regarding prayer. Thus, the Midrash expounds (Devarim Rabbah 2:11):
It is written (Tehillim 20:2): “Hashem will answer you on the day of distress; the Name of the God of Yaakov will raise you up.” Reish Lakish taught: “We can give an analogy. A woman giving birth was feeling pain during the delivery. They said to her: ‘The One who answered your mother will also answer you.’ Thus said David HaMelech to the Jewish People: ‘The One who answered Yaakov will answer you. What did Yaakov pray? He prayed (Bereishis 35:3): “I will make there an altar to the God who answers me on the day of my distress.” Also with you: “Hashem will answer you on the day of distress; the Name of the God of Yaakov will raise you up.”’
In explaining this Midrash, the Maggid presents the following parable. A rich man had an only son who was a fool. He realized that after his death his son would not hold onto his great wealth, but was sure to lose it all. He took all his silver and gold and put it in a chest. And at the bottom of the chest, underneath all the silver and gold, he placed a set of letters asking for help, of the kind beggars carry with them. The rich man said to himself: “Let my son take the gold and silver from this chest as he needs, and when he uses it all up at least he’ll have these letters that he can take wherever he goes to plead to people to have pity on him and help him.”
The parallel is as follows. Hashem prepared a great treasure for us: The Beis HaMikdash and all its vessels, the order of service in the Beis HaMikdash, the laws of Eretz Yisrael, and so on. But He knew that the Beis HaMikdash eventually would be destroyed, and the Jewish People would be exiled from their land, bereft of all the many blessings they had in their initial days of glory. All we would have left would be the opportunity to plead to Hashem to be gracious toward us and grant us blessing out of sheer compassion. He therefore placed within the hearts of David HaMelech and his associates to prepare for us prayers that we could recite and thereby sustain ourselves during the exile. Thus, David declares (Tehillim 22:3): “My God, I call out by day, and You do not answer me; and at night, and there is no abatement for me.” In a homiletical vein, we can understand David as saying the following: “Now, as I call upon my God, there is not yet need for Him to answer my prayers, for the light of the day is still shining, and it is not a time of need. But when the darkness of night comes – when the Beis HaMikdash is destroyed and we go into exile – my pleas will resound without abatement.” It is along the lines of the Rabbinic saying (e.g., Yevamos 97a): “Whenever a person relates a teaching in the name of a certain Torah scholar, the scholar’s lips move within the grave.” David says: “When the night of exile comes, my Jewish brothers will give me no rest – they will constantly recite the prayers I prepared for them.”  Similarly, the sons of Korach declare (Tehillim 88:2): “Hashem, God of my salvation, in the day I cried out, in the night before You.” That is: “I composed my prayer in the tranquility of day, but in the night I will pour it forth before You.”
We turn now to the verse from Tehillim that the Midrash quotes: “Hashem will answer you on the day of distress; the Name of the God of Yaakov will raise you up.” Seemingly this statement is truncated at the beginning; it should have been written: “When you pray to Hashem, He will answer you on the day of distress.” Our Sages therefore explain the statement as follows. When our forefather Yaakov prayed before Hashem, he had in mind that he was not praying on his own behalf, but rather on behalf of us – Hashem would be granting relief to us, not to him.
Usually when a person prays, he is not answered right away; rather there is some interval of time before Hashem sends aid. Thus, the Midrash states (Devarim Rabbah 2:17): “Some prayers are answered after forty days … and some prayers are answered after twenty days ….” But David declares that Hashem will answer on the day of distress – on the very day itself. And then David explains why: “The Name of the God of Yaakov will raise you up.”
The Maggid brings out the idea with an analogy. Suppose some people did business together, and after the venture was over they made an accounting and settled up. And then, shortly afterward, one of them approaches the other and says: “I went over the accounts and I discovered that I owe you some money.” Surely the second partner will not press the first partner for immediate payment. But now let us imagine another scenario. A person’s father does business with someone, and they settle up. Fifty years pass, the father dies, the son goes through his father’s papers, and discovers that his father’s partner in this transaction actually owed his father a considerable sum of money. It will then be no surprise if the son presses the partner to pay right away.
The parallel is as follows. When a person prays for a specific need at a specific moment, his stock of merit might be too small for him to be helped right away, so that the relief is held up. But it is different when a person offers a prayer that our holy forefathers offered thousands of years ago. He might well receive help from Hashem right away, and yet there is still a long interval between the time the prayer was first offered and the time it was answered. David is saying that it is on account of Yaakov (and Avraham and Yitzchak) that we receive an immediate answer; Yaakov submitted the request on our behalf long ago. In a similar vein, on another occasion David cries out (Tehillim 22:2): “My God, my God, why have You forsaken me; why so far from saving me, from the words of my roar?” David is saying: “Hashem, I feel as if You have forsaken me. And if You ask why I am pressing You, it is because it is so far from the time the request I am making of You was put forward on our behalf by our forefathers.” 
David Zucker, Site Administrator

Leave a comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.